2020 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report

2020 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report

Of Town of White Springs

PWS ID 2241264

We’re pleased to present to you this year’s Annual Water Quality Report.  This report is designed to inform you about the quality water and services we deliver to you every day.  Our constant goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water.  We want you to understand the efforts we make to continually improve the water treatment process and protect our water resources.  We are committed to ensuring the quality of your water.  Our water source is drawn ground water from two wells.  The wells draw water from the Florida aquifer. The water is then chlorinated for disinfection purposes and aerated for the removal of hydrogen sulfide. AquaGold is applied for iron removal.

In 2020, the Department of Environmental Protection has performed a Source Water Assessment on our system and a search of the data sources indicated one potential source of contamination with low susceptibility near our wells.  The assessment results are available on the FDEP Source Water Assessment and Protection Program website at https://fldep.dep.state.fl.us/swapp.

This report shows our water quality results and what they mean.

If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water utility, please contact Mr. Harry Davis of the Town of White Springs at (386) 397-2310. We encourage our valued customers to be informed about their water utility. If you want to learn more, please attend any of our regularly scheduled meetings. They are held on the second Tuesday of each month at Town Hall, 10363 Bridge Street, White Springs.

The Town of White Springs Water System routinely monitors for contaminants in your drinking water according to Federal and State laws, rules, and regulations.  Except where indicated otherwise, this report is based on the results of our monitoring for the period of January 1 to December 31, 2020.  Data obtained before January 1, 2020, and presented in this report are from the most recent testing done in accordance with the laws, rules, and regulations.

In the table below, you may find unfamiliar terms and abbreviations.  To help you better understand these terms we’ve provided the following definitions:

Maximum Contaminant Level or MCL: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal or MCLG: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

 Action Level (AL):  The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements that a water system must follow.

 Maximum residual disinfectant level or MRDL:  The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.  There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

 Maximum residual disinfectant level goal or MRDLG:  The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MRDLGs to not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

Parts per million (ppm) or Milligrams per liter (mg/l) – one part by weight of analyte to 1 million parts by weight of the water sample.

 Parts per billion (ppb) or Micrograms per liter (µg/l) – one part by weight of analyte to 1 billion parts by weight of the water sample.


Contaminant and Unit of Measurement Dates of sampling (mo./yr.) MCL Violation Y/N Level Detected Range of Results MCLG MCL Likely Source of Contamination

Inorganic Contaminants

  Barium (ppm) 08/2018 N 0.0081 N/A 2 2 Discharge of drilling wastes; discharge from metal refineries; erosion of natural deposits
  Fluoride (ppm) 08/2018 N 0.383 N/A 4 4.0 Erosion of natural deposits; discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories. Water additive which promotes strong teeth when at the optimum level of 0.7ppm
  Nitrate (as Nitrogen) (ppm) 7/2020 N 0.028 N/A 10 10 Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits
  Sodium (ppm) 08/2018 N 21.2


N/A 160 Salt water intrusion, leaching from soil
  Stage 1 Disinfectant and Disinfection By-Products
  For bromate, chloramines, or chlorine, the level detected is the the highest running annual average (RAA), computed quarterly, of monthly averages of all samples collected.  For haloacetic acids or TTHM, the level detected is the highest locational RAA (LRAA,) computed quarterly, of quarterly averages of all samples collected if the system is monitoring quarterly or is the average of all samples taken during the year if the system monitors less frequently than quarterly.  Range of Results is the range of individual sample results (lowest to highest) for all monitoring locations.
  Disinfectant or Contaminant and Unit of Measurement Dates of sampling (mo./yr.) MCL Violation Y/N Level Detected Range of Results
MCL or MRDL Likely Source of Contamination
  Chlorine (ppm) 01/2020 – 12/2020 N 1.47 1.2-1.8 MRDLG = 4 MRDL = 4.0 Water additive used to control microbes
Stage 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection By-Products  
Contaminant and Unit of Measurement Dates of sampling (mo/yr) MCL Violation (Y/N) Level Detected Range of Results MCLG MCL Likely Source of Contamination  
Haloacetic Acids (HAA5) (ppb) 07/2020 N 7.69 N/A N/A 60 By-product of drinking water disinfection  
Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM) (ppb) 07/2020 N 18.5 N/A N/A 80 By-product of drinking water disinfection  
  Lead and Copper (Tap Water)
Contaminant and Unit of Measurement Dates of sampling (mo./yr.) AL Exceeded Y/N 90th Percentile Result No. of sampling sites exceeding the AL MCLG AL (Action Level) Likely Source of Contamination
  Copper (tap water) (ppm) 08/2018 N 0.1213 0 1.3 1.3 Corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of natural deposits; leaching from wood preservatives
  Lead (tap water) (ppb) 08/2018 N 0 0 0 15 Corrosion of household plumbing systems, erosion of natural deposits

Secondary Contaminants

Contaminant and Unit of Measurement Dates of sampling (mo/yr) MCL Violation Y/N Highest Result Range of Results MCLG MCL Likely Source of Contamination
7. Iron (ppm) 8/2018 & 11/2018 N 0.729 0.207 – 0.729   0.3 Natural occurrence from soil leaching
Florida Source water is naturally high in dissolved minerals and Iron exceeded the MCL in some of our sampling.  The concentration found in our water only affects the aesthetic quality (look, smell, taste) and is not associated with any adverse health effects.

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing.  The Town of White Springs is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking.  If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested.  Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells.  As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:

(A)           Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife.

(B)           Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming.

(C)          Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses.

(D)          Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also, come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems.

(E)           Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

 In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, the EPA prescribes regulations, which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems.  The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water, which must provide the same protection for public health.

 Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk.  More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbiological contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).

We at Town of White Springs would like you to understand the efforts we make to continually improve the water treatment process and protect our water resources.  We are committed to insuring the quality of your water. If you have any questions or concerns about the information provided, please feel free to call any of the numbers listed.

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